Mountain agriculture is characterized by extensive low input and output farming systems, oriented towards specific productions of high quality. Mountain people endure the highest levels of food and nutrition insecurity in the region. Not only is it challenging to farm in the mountains, but farmers depend heavily on a few highly selective crops, agro-biodiversity is declining, and climate change is contributing to the depletion of natural resources. We are dedicated to develop sustainable agriculture models so that farmers can meet the increasing demand for agricultural products. Farmers are encouraged to integrate traditional activities with the modern economic system to generate additional income while preserving the local environment. There are many plant species grown in the region with significant food and nutritional or industrial potential, such as millet, sorghum, buckwheat, sea-buckthorn, and wild fruits. But they remain under-utilized, without a clear strategy for their evaluation and development.