Gender Awareness :


Awareness drive was done to help women become aware of their social identity along with economic empowerment. The women of SHG were informed on women rights and legal rights. They were also made aware of the role of Mahila Mangal dal in case of a woman of a village faces discrimination or violence. As a result of these training women have begun taking initiatives to solve their individual problems as well as common problems of the village such as - building social pressure for the complete prohibition of liquor in public functions. Collective efforts are being done to seek justice for the women victims of domestic violence. All these initiatives and activities have established the identity of the Mahila Mangal dal and women of the SHG at the district level. Two resource centers have been established in two valleys for helping the villagers. These resource centers are well equipped with all type of documents and resources. Women visit these centers, to file the process and avail the benefits of the schemes.





Samgara Arthink Vikas Pariyojana


Context


The purpose of this program is to ensure the participation of local communities in elimination of environmentally damaging weeds called Eupatorium. Thus the programmed dress dual issues of environment conservation and livelihood development by finding utilization aspect of invasive weed Eupatorium (Adenophorum). The local community has been using the weed as natural dyes as part of elimination strategy. Eupatorium is a tenacious and invasive weed spreading rapidly in mountain region. It has been destroying local bio-diversity and agriculture in the hills of Uttarakhand. A T India has developed a two pronged long-term approach to cubits rapid growth i.e. uprooting and coppicing. However it is necessary to find utilization of the weed in order to involve local community in elimination or uprooting process; thus providing them economic opportunity while involving in elimination process. The technology applied in manufacturing natural dyes from eupatorium, is low cost and simple to use. The weeds are collected from the plots, selected for purpose of monitoring. The leaves of eupatorium are processed in a state of art Community Facility Centre (CFC), established in Akashkamini valley, for manufacturing natural dyes. For firming up dyeing process, several trials were conducted on various types of yarns which proved that Eupatorium leaves are good source of natural dyes and that all types of silk yarns such as Oak Tasar, Eri, Mulberry, Wool and cotton can be easily dyed. Different colors are extracted from eupatorium weeds. The dye powder, made of eupatorium leaves gives beautiful color shades, with different mordents, ranging from light green to golden yellow. The eupatorium thus serves the purpose of raw material, abundantly available in mountains, for manufacturing natural dyes. The activities that were carried out are detailed as below.



Strategy


As part of the strategy the project has organized these marginalized households into Self-Help Groups, and adopted few existing SHGS for strengthening them and further developing their capacity to become dedicated producer groups (PGs), at the village level to generate the economies of scale to take up the commercial level production program in the subsectors listed above over a period of three years. These PGs are federated into 3 valley level associations and now these associations will be linked with existing producer company-DevBhumi Natural Products Producers Co. Ltd and Ushamath Mahila Mahasangh Ltd. (UMM).



The proposed project is addressing the following 3 key issues.


  1. Encouraging producers for sustained Economic security of the participating households through Dairy and Beekeeping / Organic Honey value chains.
  2. Increasing access to Business Development Services (BDS) for sustainability of interventions under the two value chains
  3. Organizing, capacitating the women groups and federations to address social issue such as Sanitation, women’s health, education etc.


The project will work with specific objectives to:


  1. Promote self-sustaining producers’ organizations that can be effectively participate in addressing the economic needs of the tribal communities.
  2. Facilitate the integration of small and marginal farmers into the wider economy through development of growth value chains with the ability to compete in the end market.
  3. Link small and marginal farmers directly to end markets that will generate sustainable cash incomes leading to increased economic security.
  4. Eliminate or rationalize the function of middlemen in economic transactions


Activities & Achievement under the project


As result of the project intervention a total of 130 SHGs have so far been formed. The project has achieved the targeted SHGs in terms of formation and strengthening the detail of which is under table- 1.



SN Particular Quarter 1 (Jul-Sept '16) Quarter 2 (Oct-Dec 16) Quarter 3 (Jan-March '17) Total
1 Village (Nos) 60 60 60 60
2 SHG (No) 57 46 27 130
3 Membership (Nos) 658 535 341 1596
4 Bank Accounts (Nos) 27 26 42 95
5 Mr. Yashwant Singh Rawat Manager – Sericulture and Livelihood S.No. Name of Staff Degignation
6 Total Savings (Rs. / Lakh.) 105675 211350 362898 741318
7 Total Internal Lending (In Lakh) 28000 61000 148500 292500
8 Mr. Nandlal Badoni Technical Agency Coordinator – ILSP Chamba S.No. Name of Staff Degignation

Conservation Programs


Natural Dyes productions From Invasive Weeds-Eupatorium


The project “Samgara Arthink Vikas Pariyojana” A project for improving livelihood and economic security of tribal households in Jaunsar Babar region intends to provide economic security to selected poor 3200 direct (1600) and indirect (1600) households in this tribal belt known as the “Jaunsar-Babar, comprising of tribal Block Chakrata of district Dehradun. The project is supported by - The Hans Foundation.



Assessment of the regeneration rate of eupatorium weeds


The monitoring plots selected for harvesting of eupatorium now found with indigenous varieties of grasses and plants, indicative of effectiveness of methodology applied for eliminating weed. The project monitoring study reveals that uprooting method of Eupatorium is successful, as indicated by data that rooting process can effectively check 70 percent germination of weed. Though uprooting is effective method for curving rapid growth of weed however regular coppicing also helps control spread of eupatorium while ensuring availability of foliage for production of natural dyes. Therefore in view of commercialization and biodiversity conservation both the techniques need to be applied parallel.



Usage of Eupatorium based dyes in Silk-Wool blended and other products


The community facility center (CFC) operates with a monthly production capacity of more than 1.5 quintal dye powder. The natural dyes, being produced, are used in dyeing different types of silks, woolen and cotton yarn. The dyed yarn then is used for manufacturing different types of fabric and products. The entire process from processing of natural dyes, manufacturing silk, wool and cotton blend products and marketing is under the aegis of DNPPCL. DNPPCL promotes and market different silk fabric and silk products in different Indian markets and abroad as well. The natural colored silk and wool blended products have been receiving good response due to quality and uniqueness.



  • Selecting sites for nature retreats and camps on the basis of potential location that can attract tourists and that interest and motivate the villagers. Identifying potential tourist activities around the nature retreats and developing camp curriculum. Designing and implementing a thorough training program where in local stakeholders are trained on hospitality, hygiene, culinary skills and camp maintenance, together with business aspects of running a successful eco-lodge.
  • A total of 71 BSPs (Business Service Providers) 13 anchors and 29 guides) have been imparted such training. Few of the local stakeholders were also sent to Sikkim for exposure on sound eco-tourism practices. In 2005, A T India, under the aegis of DNPPCL, launched 2 categories of services under its eco- tourism mandate:


Dev Bhumi Nature Retreats:


to cater to middle to upper-middle-class nature lovers; who enjoy proximity to nature with modicum of comfort. It is aimed at persons who wish to enjoy the tranquility of the mountains through short nature walks, rather than long treks.



Dev Bhumi Treks and Tours:


These are designed for the trekking enthusiasts who are open to village home-stays and experiencing the extremes of nature. Trained guides along mountain trails of varying intensities lead them. DNPPCL is currently running 2 camps in Guptkashi and in Pothybasa, near Chopta. The other 2 camps are operating independently at Sari village, while 1 camp at Kakaragad was washed away during 2013 Kedarnath deluge.



Interpretation Centers


An integral component of ecotourism activity is the interpretation centers. If properly delivered, interpretation not only enriches the ecotourism experience but also provides information about local culture and lifestyles. Amongst the underlying causes of the threats identified, for the loss of biodiversity in the Central Himalayas is the lack of public awareness. Interpretation centers as an awareness building strategy have proved to have dramatically positive effects in several such Contexts. A T India in collaboration with BVIEER, Pune and consultation with the department of Botany, Kumaon University, had thus established interpretation center to offer informational features of bio-geographical profile of the region such as biological significance, endemic species and eco-system services as well as major ecological threats to the region. It also includes information on the history, culture and economy of the region with an effort to show how these have impacted the environment and the changes. The center expects to emerge as focal points for dissemination of regional information and raising the awareness of lakhs of tourists and pilgrims visiting the area each year.



DISASTER RISK REDUCTION (CMDRR)


Keeping the fragile ecosystem in view A T India launched disaster management program in 2013 post Kedarnath deluge. The Ukhimath disaster of 2012 had devastated 5-7 villages and as part of response A T India had conducted massive relief and rehabilitation work in Ukhimath Block of Rudraprayag district (the detail has been described in 2013-14 annual report). A T India played major role in terms and distribution of relief and rehabilitation (post disaster economic rehabilitation) during and post 2013 disaster that again hit Uttarakhand badly, that displaced the people economically at massive level. It was then thought that there is need to raise awareness and educate local communities in terms of preparedness and resilience, making community capable in disaster mitigation and management. The program thus started formally during 2014-15 firstly to enhance the capacity of A T India and in turn build the capacity of community in disaster mitigation and management. A total of 5000 households of 450 villages in 5 districts viz. Rudraprayag, Chamoli, Tehri, Uttarkashi and Pauri of Uttarakhand were targeted under disaster management program mainly to build awareness, trained them in disaster mitigation and pilot early warning system, in Context of heavy rains that causes flush floods every year in monsoon. The program has reached 450 villages through a team of volunteers called Disaster Action and Response Team, developed and equipped with necessary skills and equipment required for handling emergency.



Summary of Interventions


The program has been making significant contribution in terms of creating an institutional mechanism at organization and community level to address issues pertaining to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). The formation of Disaster Action and Response Team (DART), capacity building and developing contingency plans are some of the milestones that were achieved post 2013 disaster. Linkages of local community and Community based DART team has been developed with India Metrological Department (IMD) and National Institutive of Hydrological (NIH) of Roorkee, to activates SMS based warning and establishment of early warning system, in the form of digitized rain gauge in 45 selected villages / valleys in 5 districts. The major activities under the program were as follows:



  • Formation, training and equipping DART-45
  • Preparation of villages level hazards mitigation / contingencyplan-150
  • Conducting hazards analysis- 450 villages
  • Registering households for SMS based warning A T Indian Metrological Department (IMD) portal 4500. Establishment of early warning systems (digital rain gauge) 45
  • Capacity buildings, exposures and awareness development- 450 villages
  • Experience sharing workshop-5